Did Tolkien learn Finnish? (2023)

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Is Elvish based on Finnish?

JRR Tolkien's High Elvish language, Quenya, was inspired by Finnish. Tolkien taught himself Finnish in order to read the Kalevala. He said that discovering Finnish had been like "entering a complete wine-cellar filled with bottles of an amazing wine of a kind and flavour never tasted before".

(Video) J.R.R. Tolkien talks about languages - 1968 (subtitles)
(Sîdh Aníron)
What languages was Tolkien familiar with?

The Elvish Language

Tolkien was familiar with several established languages including Latin, Greek, Spanish, and several ancient Germanic languages, e.g. Gothic, Old Norse and Old English. But it was his discovery of the Finnish language that truely inspired him.

(Video) How Tolkien fell in love with Finland | Finnish Myth
(Irish in Finland)
What language did Tolkien base Elvish off of?

The phonology and grammar of Quenya are influenced by Finnish, while Sindarin is influenced by Welsh. Tolkien conceived a family tree of Elvish languages, all descending from a common ancestor called Primitive Quendian.

(Video) #Tolkien #finnishlanguage
What language did Tolkien create?

One of the first truly expansive languages Tolkien created was Elfin, which he would later rename Quenya. Inspired to create a language after encountering Finnish, he started working on Quenya around 1910. Tolkien spent the following few decades tweaking Quenya's grammar, as well as working on other conlangs.

(Video) Middle Earth is Finnish – influences of Finnish mythology on J.R.R. Tolkien's world
(Finnish Mythology with Antti Palosaari)
What are Finnish elves called?

Haltija are the Finnish equivalent of elves, brownies, or gnomes, and there are many different types throughout folklore. The tonttu are house elves, recognizable today as providing the inspiration for Santa's elf helpers.

(Video) The Big Bang Theory Sheldon learns Finnish
Is Quenya Finnish?

In contrast to early Qenya, the grammar of Quenya was influenced by Finnish, an agglutinative language, but much more by Latin, a synthetic and fusional language, and also Greek, from which he probably took the idea of the diglossia of Quenya with its highly codified variety: the Parmaquesta, used only in certain ...

(Video) Icelandic standup about Nordic neighbours in general and Finnish language in particular
(Sergey Kasyanov)
What language does Legolas speak?

As an elf of Mirkwood, Legolas speaks Silvan, or least knows some words and phrases. Finally, he definitely speaks Sindarin, which is the most common elvish language at the time of the quest to destroy the One Ring.

(Video) The Constructed Languages of JRR Tolkien (Feat. Lindsay Ellis) | It’s Lit
How many real languages did Tolkien speak?

Tolkien created his first constructed language when he was just a teenager. He was a master of actual languages as well. He knew 35 different tongues, both ancient and modern — everything from Old Norse to Lithuanian.

(Video) J.R.R Tolkien 1962 interview (subtitles)
(Sîdh Aníron)
Was Tolkien a polyglot?

J.R.R. Tolkien: The Polyglot Who Invented New Languages

Over the course of his education, he learned many other languages such as Middle English, Finnish (which he reportedly taught himself), Old Norse, Spanish and Welsh. Languages he was familiar with included Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Russian.

(Video) Peake Lectures: Professor Michael Clarke: Why is the Ukraine War a Global Issue
(Eltham College)
What is the closest language to Elvish?

Elvish: The works of J.R.R. Tolkien

There are actually two forms of Elvish commonly learned by fans: Quenya, or high Elvish, and Sindarin, both based loosely on Finnish and Welsh, two languages Tolkien himself studied. And these can be subdivided into different dialects.

(Video) Thomas Newman - Tolkien's Love of Finnish Mythology

How do you say hi in Elvish?

I don't speak Quenya.
Some useful Elvish word and phrases.
HelloS SuiladLit. 'greeting', can be used in most situations.
HelloS Mae govannenLit. 'well met', used when meeting someone, but not in written messages.
Friend/FriendsS Mellon/MellynA fitting start to a written message to one / more than one person.
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May 31, 2002

(Video) Tales of the Far North: Finnish Influences on the Works of J.R.R. Tolkien
(Emma McGee)
Did Tolkien invent orcs?

So, did J.R.R. Tolkien invent the Orc as we know it today? Well, yes and no. Although the word "orc" is actually derived from the Old English "orcneas" as it first appeared in Beowulf, Tolkien only used the word itself to describe a creature he invented, because of its "phonetic suitability".

Did Tolkien learn Finnish? (2023)
What language does Aragorn speak?

In Gondor at the end of the Third Age, Sindarin was still spoken daily by a few noble Men in the city Minas Tirith. Aragorn, raised in the safety of the Elvish stronghold of Rivendell, spoke it fluently.

What Bible translation did Tolkien use?

Tolkien was a collaborator on the Jerusalem Bible, the first authoritative Roman Catholic edition of the Bible translated into English, first published in 1966.

What language sounds most like Elvish?

It sounds vaguely Scandinavian, and maybe a wee bit German. And that is Tolkien's biggest influence: ancient Britain, before all those Romans arrived with their pesky Latin.

Is Santa Claus Finnish?

Santa Claus hails from Finland's mysterious Korvatunturi (“Ear Fell”) in Lapland. But you can meet him in Rovaniemi, the official hometown of Santa, on any day of the year.

Is Finnish mythology Norse?

It has many features shared with Estonian and other Finnic mythologies, but also shares some similarities with neighbouring Baltic, Slavic and, to a lesser extent, Norse mythologies. Finnish mythology survived within an oral tradition of mythical poem-singing and folklore well into the 19th century.

What is Finnish mythology called?

The Kalevala (kah-leh-VAH-luh), written by Elias Lönnrot, contains the myths and legends of Finland as well as the creation of the Earth. The Kalevala is commonly regarded as Finland's national epic and is one of the most significant pieces of Finnish literature.

Why does Finnish sound Japanese?

There are remarkable similarities between Finnish and Japanese. Both languages have vowel harmony, are agglutinating in structure (stringing suffixes, prefixes or both onto roots), use SOV word order (Finnish has no strict word order), and lack grammatical gender.

Is Galadriel a Quenya?

Galadriel was a Noldorin Lady who witnessed Middle-earth during the Three Ages. Galadriel was born in Aman as one of the Noldor.
Page actions.
AffiliationWhite Council
LanguageQuenya, Sindarin, Westron, and Silvan Elvish Probably Telerin and Vanyarin [note 1]
BirthY.T. 1362 Eldamar
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Is Elvish similar to Finnish?

It became was the inspiration for the Elvish language which Tolkien named Qenya (later Quenya), a language designed to emulate the beauty evoked by Finnish. Other than in the field of phonotactics, a small part of the Quenya vocabulary was probably directly inspired by Finnish words, cf.

What language is spoken in Rivendell?

Page actions
General information
PopulationPrimarily Elves
LanguageQuenya, Sindarin, Westron
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Dec 6, 2022

Is Legolas a sylvan?

Legolas is a Sindarin Elf from the Woodland Realm of Northern Mirkwood. His father, Thranduil, is the King of the Silvan Elves living in that realm, making Legolas the Prince of Mirkwood.

What language did Sylvan Elves speak?

In the Third Age the Nandor became known as Silvan Elves, with their language being known as Silvan Elvish, heard both in Lothlórien and the Woodland Realm of Mirkwood. Sindarin-speakers settled in both the main Silvan realms, and in Lórien, at least, Sindarin quickly overtook Silvan Elvish in common use.

What is the oldest language still spoken on Earth?

Tamil is the oldest language still in use today. By order of appearance, the Tamil language (part of the family of Dravidian languages) would be considered the world's oldest living language as it is over 5,000 years old, with its first grammar book having made its first appearance in 3,000 BC.

How long did it take for Tolkien to create a language?

Tolkien constructed the family from around 1910, working on it up to his death in 1973. He constructed the grammar and vocabulary of at least fifteen languages and dialects in roughly three periods: Early, 1910 – c. 1930: most of the proto-language Primitive Quendian, Common Eldarin, Quenya, and Goldogrin.

What races did Tolkien invent?

J. R. R. Tolkien single-handedly created our modern conception of staple fantasy races such as elves, dwarves, and orcs.

Why did Tolkien not like Shakespeare?

Shakespeare's influence on Tolkien was substantial, despite Tolkien's professed dislike of the playwright. Tolkien disapproved in particular of Shakespeare's devaluation of elves, and was deeply disappointed by Shakespeare's prosaic explanation of how Birnam Wood came to Dunsinane Hill in Macbeth.

How rare is it to be a polyglot?

If you speak more, you may be considered a polyglot. Polyglots are certainly rare and interesting people: only about 3% of the world's total population can speak four or more languages.

Who is the greatest polyglot of all time?

Powell Janulus, a Canadian who now lives in British Columbia still holds the Guinness World Records that he earned in 1985 for being fluent in 42 languages. Qualifying for the record was grueling, as he had to pass a 2-hour conversation (fluency test) with a native speaker of each of the 42 languages.

What is the easiest fictional language to learn?

You can teach yourself these 11 languages with a little effort, and we'll also point you toward resources to help you learn.
  • Na'vi. ...
  • Elvish. ...
  • Gargish. ...
  • Ewokese. ...
  • Lapine. ...
  • Klingon. ...
  • Simlish. ...
  • Dothraki.
Apr 29, 2020

What is the most complete fictional language?

Klingon is the most developed fictional language. It was created in 1979 as the language spoken by the warrior race Klingon in the TV show Star Trek. The linguist Mark Okrand has created the language to be fully functional, to the point where fans use it to write songs and say their wedding vows.

What language did Gondor speak?

Adûnaic was the language of Númenor, and after its destruction in the Akallabêth, the "native speech" of the people of Elendil in the kingdoms of Arnor and Gondor in the west of Middle-earth, though they usually spoke Sindarin. By the time of the War of the Ring, it had developed into the common speech or Westron.

What is Elvish for Daddy?

atar (pl. atari) is a Quenya word meaning "father".

What is Elvish for Wolf?

In Gnomish, one of Tolkien's early conceptions of an Elven language, "wolf" is harog or harw; "a she-wolf" is harach; Qenya has ulku "wolf".

What is the Elvish word for God?

GOD (noun)*Eru (God) (cf. Q Eru "God") - Ai Meri - R.D.

Is Mithril an Elvish?

Notes. The name mithril comes from two Elvish roots, mith (probably 'mist' in this context) and ril ('glitter'). Mith has the secondary meaning of 'grey', but since we know that mithril not only had a silvery sheen, but was also fabulously light, it is surely the meaning 'mist' that is intended.

Could Halbrand be Sauron?

Galadriel immediately becomes suspicious and soon confronts Halbrand. He concedes that, yes, he is Sauron, and hopes to restore order to Middle-earth. He offers her a place alongside him as his queen.

What race is Gollum?

What language do wizards speak LOTR?

The Black Speech is one of the fictional languages constructed by J. R. R. Tolkien for his legendarium, where it was spoken in the evil realm of Mordor.
Black Speech
Datec. 1945–1973
Setting and usageMordor in Middle-earth
PurposeConstructed language Artistic language Black Speech
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Does Gandalf speak Quenya?

Gandalf uses two spells when trying to open the Doors of Durin. One is in Quenya (“Gate of Elves listen to my word, Threshold of Dwarves!”), and another in Sindarin (“Gate of the Elves open now for me.

What languages can Gandalf speak?

We're rewatching the movies and the subtitles say that Gandalf is speaking Quenya to the mountain when the fellowship is trying to cross the mountain pass on Caradhras. I know he also speaks Sindarin, the language of Mordor and also he is able to read aloud the book written by the dwarves trapped in Moria.

Which version of the Bible is closest to the original language?

The New American Standard Bible is a literal translation from the original texts, well suited to study because of its accurate rendering of the source texts. It follows the style of the King James Version but uses modern English for words that have fallen out of use or changed their meanings.

What is the world's most accurate Bible translation?

BeDuhn said that the New World Translation was "not bias free", adding that whilst the general public and various biblical scholars might assume that the differences in the New World Translation are the result of religious bias, he considered it to be "the most accurate of the translations compared", and a "remarkably ...

What 3 original languages was the Bible written?

Scholars generally recognize three languages as original biblical languages: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Koine Greek.

What is the prettiest sounding language?

Here are (in no particular order) the 10 most beautiful languages in the world, according to Busuu's experts
  • Italian. When it comes to the most attractive languages, for many people the native language of Italy likely springs to mind. ...
  • Arabic. ...
  • English. ...
  • (Brazilian) Portuguese. ...
  • 5. Japanese. ...
  • Turkish. ...
  • French.
Jul 1, 2021

Which language sounds the nicest?


With its unpronounceable “r”, its nasal vowel sounds “en”, “in”, “un” and melodious intonation, it sounds extremely musical to the non-native ear. And let's not forget the strong cultural context which lends French the status of the most beautiful spoken language in the world.

Does Elvish sound like Finnish?

yeah no it doesn't. I've heard that some people consider elvish as just a form of finnish with additional accent lines and double dots, but it doesn't work that way. double dot for example in quenya means that the vowel is a part of a different syllable than the letter next to it, see fëanor or eärendil for example.

What is Elvish derived from?

They all originated from: Primitive Quendian or Quenderin, the proto-language of all the Elves who awoke together in the far east of Middle-earth, Cuiviénen, and began "naturally" to make a language. All the Elvish languages are presumed to be descendants of this common ancestor.

What is Elvish culture based on?

Elvish culture suggests that the elves started out as forest-dwellers, similar to today's Wild or Green Elves with many ties to ranging and druidism. Elves belong to the fae people, but have evolved and adapted depending on their environment.

What is the closest language to Finnish?

Karelian. The Karelian language, spoken in Finland and Russia, is the closest linguistic relative to Finnish and must not be mixed up with the Karelian (south-eastern) dialects of Finnish. There are less than 100,000 speakers of the various forms of Karelian. In Finland, their estimated number is about 5,000.

What language is most distantly related to Finnish?

standard vesi [vesi]. The language spoken in those parts of Karelia that have not historically been under Swedish or Finnish rule is usually called the Karelian language, and it is considered to be more distant from standard Finnish than the Eastern dialects.

Does Alexa understand Finnish?

Localization is essential to making a voice interface useful

For people living in Finland, no voice-first services are supported, and Alexa doesn't understand (let alone speak) Finnish.

Is Finnish the hardest European language?

Finnish is often regarded as one of the most difficult languages to learn. With its verb conjugation, case system, consonant gradation, and clitics it might feel quite difficult sure. However, the difficulty of the language depends a lot on your point of view.

Is Finnish a rare language?

There are fewer Finnish speakers than people in Finland

Finnish is one of the 24 official languages of the European Union, yet it is also one of the least widespread with only around 5 million native speakers, about one percent of the EU population.

What sound does ä Make in Finnish?

They are independent letters and phonemes (sounds), not modified nor accented letters. Changing 'Ä' into 'A' or 'Ö' into 'O' is akin to changing 'Q' into 'O'. Ä is similar to the following bolded sounds in English: "A fat pancake man sat on a cat."

What language is closest to Elvish?

Elvish: The works of J.R.R. Tolkien

There are actually two forms of Elvish commonly learned by fans: Quenya, or high Elvish, and Sindarin, both based loosely on Finnish and Welsh, two languages Tolkien himself studied. And these can be subdivided into different dialects.

What does Legolas mean in Elvish?

The name Legolas is a Silvan dialect form of pure Sindarin Laegolas, which means "Greenleaf". At one point he is called "Legolas Greenleaf" by Gandalf, coupling his name and its translation like an epithet. [note 1] Legolas consists of the Sindarin words laeg, a very rare, archaic word for "green" (cf.

Are elves based off Native Americans?

Disclaimers. As mentioned above, it has been stated by the developers (namely Gaider) that the elves are inspired by Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Jewish peoples and Roma peoples. However, parallels can be drawn to pretty much any racial/ethnic minority.

What do you call a female elf?

elven (plural elvens) Originally, a female elf, a fairy, a nymph; (by extension) any elf. [

What country still believes in elves?

Fifty-four percent of Icelanders either believe in them or say it's possible they exist. Roads have been diverted around boulders where the elves, or álfar in Icelandic, supposedly reside. A former member of parliament even swears his life was saved in a car accident by a family of elves.


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